One Pager

This section contains a one pager of some languages. The goal is to show you the foundations of each language, the few things you need to know when you get started. Here’s a description of the different categories I’m using:

Group: Romance, Germanic, … Rapid vocabulary acquisition when you already speak another language of your target language’s group.

  • Germanic – English, German
  • Romance – French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish

Structure: SVO (subject-object-verb), SOV, … Order of the words in a basic sentence.

  • SVO – Subject Verb Object – English and Romance languages are SVO.
  • SOV – Subject Object Verb – German is SVO / SOV, or even SVOV / SOV.
  • Messy – Finnish doesn’t have any particular order, and words can end up pretty much anywhere in a sentence.

Pronunciation: Phonetic language, intonation, problems, … Basic recommendations to get a slight accent instead of a heavy one.

  • A phonetic language is the best gift of all for language learners: The way you write is the way you read. Text = audio. There are no traps. Spelling rules pronunciation. You can meet some exceptions (yeah, language learning you know, it wouldn’t be fun otherwise!), but letters have the same pronunciation 99% of the time with a phonetic language. Spanish, Italian and Finnish are phonetic languages. English, French and Portuguese are not.
  • Tricky sounds – Example: guttural r in French, trilled r in Spanish, nasal vowels in Portuguese.
  • Intonation – Tonal language? Regular stress patterns?

Gender: Do objects and/or nouns have a gender? If so, how many genders are there?

Cases: The language uses words (such as at, in, on, …) or declensions (like German, Russian, Finnish, …)?

Negation: How to express a negative sentence? Can we easily turn an affirmation into a negation?

Question: How to express a question? Can we easily turn an affirmation into a question?

Plural: Can you easily transform a singular noun in plural?

Miscellaneous:

Links: Resources such as youtubers, singers, …